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Figure PDU-1. Estimates of the prevalence of problem drug use (rate per 1 000 population aged 15 to 64), studies from 2002 to 2006 – last study available [see all figures in this series...]

Part (ii) Estimates for problem opioid use


Methods of estimation are abbreviated: CR=Capture-recapture; TM =Treatment multiplier; PM = Police multiplier; MI = Multivariate indicator; TP= Truncated Poisson; CM = Combined methods; MM= Mortality multiplier; OT= Other methods.

In the case of Germany, the line given represents an interval between the lowest lower bound of all existing estimates and the highest upper bound of them.

In the case of Finland, the age range of the study is 15 to 54 years old; Malta: the age range of the study is 12 to 64 years old.

Target groups may vary slightly between countries owing to different methods and data sources; therefore comparisons should be made with caution.

The symbol indicates a point estimate, a bar indicates an uncertainty interval, which can be either a 95 % confidence interval or an interval based on sensitivity analysis.

* - Central estimate was calculated by doing a simple average of the Low and High estimate.

Related links:

Statistical bulletin 2007: Figure PDU-1 part (ii)

For more details see Tables PDU-1 to PDU-3 in the Statistical bulletin 2008.

See also EMCDDA project (2003): National prevalence estimates of problem drug use in the European Union, 1995–2000, CT.00.RTX.23, EMCDDA, Lisbon, coordinated by the Institut für Therapieforschung, Munich. For Luxembourg population data, see Eurostat.

See also ‘General notes for interpreting data’ on the Explanatory notes and help page


Reitox national focal points

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Page last updated: Thursday, 17 July 2008