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Table EYE-0. School surveys: Sources

InternationalESPAD figures are taken directly from the 1995, 1999, 2003 and 2007 ESPAD reports: ‘the European school survey project on alcohol and other drugs’, the Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN) and Council of Europe Pompidou Group at www.espad.org
InternationalHBSC (WHO) figures for cannabis in 2001/02 and 2005/06 are taken directly from the international coordinator: Currie, C. et al. HBSC International Report WHO survey. Other drug use estimates from this survey are based on an extended questionnaire module and reported through the Reitox Standard table 2 at www.hbsc.org
Belgium (Flemish )1,2,3,4,5,6Leerlingenbevraging Schooljaar (Student survey in secondary schools in Flanders) Brussels, VAD.
Greece1Kokkevi, A., Stefanis, C., University Mental Health Research Institute, 1994.
Greece2Kokkevi, A., et al., Substance use among high school students in Greece: outburst of illicit drug use in a society under change. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 58 (2000), pp. 181–188.
Spain1Delegación del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas. Observatorio Español sobre Drogas. Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo. 1996–2007
France1Choquet, M., Ledoux, S., 1994, Adolescents, enquête nationale, Paris, Les éditions INSERM.
France2Ballion, R. ‘Enquête sur les conduites déviantes des lycéens 1997’, Resultats preliminaires. CADIS — OFDT, 1998.
France3Not available.
Ireland1Not available.
Italy1,2Mariani, F., National Research Council — the ESPAD project in Italy.
Italy3Not available.
Italy4,5Relazione Annuale al Parlamento sullo stato delle tossicodipendenze in Italia. Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri, Dipartimento nazionale delle Politiche Antidroga, Roma. ESPAD type_Italia.
Cyprus1Use of licit and illicit drugs by students of public Lyceums in Cyprus 2003-2004, Ministry of Culture and Education - Educational Psychology Services. Principal investigators: Papadopoulos M., Constantinopoulos C.
Luxembourg1Fischer, U., CH., Cannabis — eine Analyse der aktuellen Situation, CePT, Luxembourg, 2000.
Hungary1Not available.
Netherlands1De Zwart, W. et al., Key data; smoking, drinking, drug use and gambling among pupils aged 10 years and older, Trimbos Institute, 1997.
Netherlands2‘Jeugd en Riskant Gedrag; Kerngegevens uit het peilstationsonderzoek’, 2003, Utrecht, Trimbos Institute.
Austria1Springer, A., Uhl, A. and Widensky, K., Schüler und Drogen in Österreich: Wissen, Erfahrungen, Einstellungen’, Wiener Zeitschrift für Suchtforschung, Nr. 1/2 1996, pp. 3–21.
Poland 1Sieroslawski, J. (2005), ‘Uzywanie alkoholu i narkotykow przez mlodziez szkoina’, Raport z ogolnopolskich badan ankietowych zrealiziwabych w 2005 roku. Available in Polish: http://www.narkomania.gov.pl (accessed 28.4.08).
Portugal3Feijão, F. and Lavado, E. (2003), ‘Estudo Epidemiológico sobre o consumo de substâncias psicoactivas em alunos do ensino público, por grupo etários’, Lisboa.
Slovakia1Nociar, A. (2007) ‘Tobacco, alcohol and drugs’, Representative survey among primary school pupils in Slovakia.
Sweden1‘Annual school survey CAN’, Sweden, 1995–2006.
United Kingdom1Balding, J., ‘Young people in 1997: the health-related behaviour questionnaire results for 37 538 pupils between the ages 9 and 16‘, Schools Health Education Unit, Exeter University, Exeter, 1998.
UK (England)1‘Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England’, Office of National Statistics (NatCen/NFER), 1997–2006.
UK (Scotland)1‘Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in Scotland’, Scottish Government, 1998.
UK (Scotland)1Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey (SALSUS) Scottish Government, 2002, 2004, 2006.
UK (Northern Ireland)1Young Persons’ Behaviour and Attitudes Survey (YPBAS) in 2000., 2003 and 2007, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency.
United States of America1‘Monitoring the future study’, National Institute on Drug Abuse, US Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland.

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