logo of the EU drugs agency

You are viewing archived content

Please note that this page is a static copy of a previously published web page and is no longer actively maintained.
Be aware that the information contained here may be out-of-date.
For the most recent information, we recommend visiting the main website of the EMCDDA.

Table DRD-2. Number of drug-induced deaths recorded in EU Member States according to national definitions [see all tables in this series...]

Part (i) Total drug-induced deaths, 1995 to 2008

Czech Republic(1):::6179808444555762424044
United Kingdom (ONS)(8)30123118331034823652348036793461316833783305330633523754
United Kingdom (DSD)(9)13411440155817391946191821622034178718751980204921082368


 A longer time series, dating back to 1985 for reporting countries, is available in the Supplementary tables section of this Statistical bulletin.   

 Absolute numbers from different countries are not directly comparable since differences remain in case definition and recording methods.   

 The national definitions used to report to the EMCDDA and the methods used are described in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.   

 National definitions usually refer to acute deaths directly related to drug consumption (‘overdoses’, ‘poisonings’ or ‘drug-induced’). Note that, in a few countries, the figures include also a limited number of cases of deaths indirectly related to drug use (e.g. AIDS, accidents with positive toxicology). See Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions. Note in addition that in some countries, statistics published at national level may differ from those presented here, owing to differences of case definition used at national level.   

 (1) For the Czech Republic, EMCDDA Selection D was used instead of the national definition. National definition includes also poisoning by psychoactive medicines, which accounts for most cases.   

 (2) Due to reporting delays (97 cases still under investigation), data for the year 2008 should be compared with caution .   

 (3) Data refer to the six major cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza, Sevilla and Bilbao. Between 1997 and 2000 data for Sevilla are not included. In 2003 and 2004 data for Zaragoza are not included.   

 (4) Data refer to the whole country.   

 (5) In the year 2008 the number cases on which no autopsy has been performed tripled (up to 32 cases) in comparison with previous years.   

 (6) Data has not been included this year due to major discrepancies existing in previous years between figures from the General Mortality Register and the Special Register (reporting all cases with a positive toxicology, not only Selection D). Ongoing work is conducted by Portugal to harmonise data reporting with EMCDDA Selection D, and to make data available in next reporting year.   

 (7) Data refer only to Bucharest and several counties in the competence area of the Toxicology Laboratory from Bucharest.   

 (8) United Kingdom (ONS): Definition used by Office for National Statistics (ONS).    

 (9) United Kingdom (DSD): Figures from the Drug Strategy Definition (DSD) of drug-induced deaths: it is an extract from the ONS definition that includes cases with drugs controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971. For details refer to the Methods and Definitions Summary document in this Statistical bulletin. The DSD definition is relatively similar to the EMCDDA definition for general mortality registries(Selection B); in 2002, DSD computes 2037 cases and the Selection B, 1857; for 2003, DSD computes 1780 and the EMCDDA Selection B, 1590; for 2004, DSD computes 1887 cases and the EMCDDA Selection B, 1709; for 2005, DSD has 1987 cases and Selection B has 1812, for 2006 DSD has 2025 and Selection B 1785 cases, for 2007 DSD has 2108 and Selection B 1972 cases, and for 2008 DSD has 2368 and Selection B has 2231 cases. Only this figure from the United Kingdom (and not the ONS figures) are included in the ‘Totals’ for the EU.   

 (10) Until 2002 the national definition did not include ‘intentional poisoning’ (ICD codes:X61,X62). From 2003 Selection B has become the national definition.   

 See also 'General notes for interpreting data' on the Explanatory notes and help page.   


 Reitox national reports 2009, taken from national mortality registries or special registries (forensic or police). Based on ‘National definitions’ as presented in Drug-related deaths — methods and definitions.   

(see the help page for information about formats etc.)

Page last updated: Wednesday, 01 September 2010