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Table PDU-1. Estimates of prevalence of problem drug use at national level: summary table, 2003–08, rate per 1000 aged 15–64 [see all tables in this series...]

Part (i) Overall problem drug use

CountryNotesYearCentral rate/1000 ages 15–64Lower and Upper rates/1000 ages 15-64 [1]Estimated number of usersLower and upper bound of prevalence estimates [1]Target group, data sources and estimation methodsReference
Czech Republic120084.44.1-4.73250030400-34700Problem opioid and stimulant users. Low-threshold facilities. Treatment Multiplier.2
Denmark120057.57.1-8.02697925390-28568Drug abusers having a persistent use of illegal drugs including cannabis. The National Patient Register. National Register of Drug Abusers Undergoing Treatment. Capture-recapture.6
Germany2 *2006n.a.3.0-3.6182500167000-198000Problem opioid, cocaine and amphetamine users. National treatment statistics. Treatment Multiplier.:
Greece120082.72.3-3.12018117502-23391Problem drug users. Drug treatment data. Capture-recapture.3
Spain20061.41.3-1.44103638719-43649Problem opioid users. Drug treatement and surveys data. Treatment Multiplier.3
France1*20086.83.7-9.5255500144000-367000Problem drug users. Health and socio-economic indicators Drug Treatment, Surveys, Criminal justice system, Emergency services, General practitioners, Low-threshold services, Hospitals, Social services, Methadone programmes. Multivariate indicator method, Treatment and Police multipier.7 ; 8 ; 9 ; 10
Italy120089.89.5-10.1385000375000-395000Problem Stimulant and opiate users. Treatment data. Treatment multiplier.26
Cyprus120082.01.6-2.41087907-1337Problem opioid and stimulant users. Treatment data. Truncated Poisson.7
Latvia*2006n.a.3.1-6.271914794-9588Problem drug users. Treatment data. Treatment Multiplier.4
Luxembourg20077.76.5-9.924702089-3199Problem drug users. Drug-related deaths, criminal justice system, drug treatment, infectious diseases registries and methadone programmes. Multi-methods: Treament multiplier, Police multiplier, mortality multiplier, Capture-recapture and Truncated Poisson.4
Hungary220053.52.8-4.22420419333-29075Problem drug users. Data from drug treatment and police records. Capture-recapture.2
Malta1 ; 520065.75.5-6.016061541-1685Problem drug users defined as daily heroin users. Treatment data. Capture-recapture.3
Austria120074.14.0-4.32317822198-24157(Poly-) drug use including opiates. Treatment and Police data. Capture-recapture.1
Poland2 ; 620054.23.7-4.7112500100000-125000Problem drug users. General population survey and Treatment data. Benchmark method.9
Portugal2 *2005n.a.4.3-7.44203730833-53240Problem drug users. Treatment and mortality data. Treatment multiplier and Outreach work teams multiplier.5
Slovenia20047.86.6-9.2106549078-12593Problem opioid and stimulant users. Treatment and police data. Capture-recapture.1
Slovakia120082.72.1-8.5105198182-33489Problem drug users. Low-threshold agencies. Multiplier method.7
Finland1 ; 420054.84.2-5.51660014500-19100Problem stimulant and opiate users. Hospital data, Criminal Justice, Infectious Diseases data. Capture-recapture. 7
Sweden220074.9n.a.29513n.a.Problem drug users. In-patient treatment centres (hospitals, emergency services), Swedish Prison and Probation Service. Truncated Poisson with Chao's estimator2
United Kingdom12003-0710.09.8-10.1400469393247-417861Problem drug users. Treatment, population density, prison, drug-related deaths, drug offences, police, probation. Capture-recapture, multivariate indicator method.21 ; 22 ; 23
Turkey20080.50.5:1.12585321573:51456Problem opiod users. Drug related deaths. Mortality multiplier.1 ; 2


 n.a. = not available.                                 

 1 - Interval is a 95 % confidence interval.                                 

 2 - Confidence Interval not known.                                 

 3 - Interval is based on a sensitivity analysis.                                 

 4 - Finland: the original age range of study was 15–54, the rate was adjusted to ages 15–64.                                 

 5 - Malta: the original age range of the study is 12 to 64 years old.                                 

 6 - Poland: the original age range of the study refers to all ages.                                 

 * - The figure shown is based on average between the lower and upper bound of prevalence estimate.                                 

 For further details on methods and data sources/comments see Table PDU-102 and Table PDU-103.   

 See also ‘General notes for interpreting data’ on the Explanatory notes and help page                                 


 For bibliographic references see Table PDU-0                                 

 2009 REITOX National Reports - Fonte PDU template                                 

(see the help page for information about formats etc.)

Page last updated: Thursday, 15 July 2010