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Table PDU-1. Estimates of prevalence of problem drug use at national level: summary table, 2003–08, rate per 1000 aged 15–64 [see all tables in this series...]

Part (ii) Injecting drug use

CountryNotesYearCentral rate/1000 ages 15–64Lower and Upper rates/1000 ages 15-64 [1]Estimated Number of usersLower and upper bound of prevalence estimates [1]Target group, data sources and estimation methodsReference
Czech Republic120084.24.1-4.43120030000-32400Current opioid and stimulant injectors. Low-threshold services. Treatment Multiplier.2
Denmark20063.62.8-4.71275410066-16821Intravenous drug users. Treatment registry, Drug related deaths. Capture-Recapture.7
Germany2 *2005n.a.1.4-2.09425078000-110500Heroin users registered by the police. Mortality multiplier.18
Estonia1 ; 3200415.18.9-37.1138868132-34443Estonian Police Database. Health Insurance Fund. State HIV Reference Laboratory. Capture-recapture.1
Greece120081.10.9-1.381486882-9727Treatment data. Capture-recapture.3
Cyprus120080.80.6-1.1446341-642Current opioid and stimulant injectors. Treatment data. Truncated Poisson.7
Luxembourg20074.63.9-6.014821253-1919Current injectors. Drug-related deaths, criminal justice system, drug treatment, infectious diseases registries and methadone programmes. Multi-methods: Treament multiplier, Police multiplier, mortality multiplier, Capture-recapture and Truncated Poisson.4
Hungary220050.60.3-0.839412069-5813Treatment and police data. Capture-recapture.2
Portugal2 *2005n.a.1.5-3.01642510950-21900Current injectors. Treatment and mortality data. Mortality and Treatment Multiplier.5
Slovakia120064.93.5-8.91884113732-34343Treatment data. Treatment Multiplier and Nomination tecnhique.5
Sweden220074.9n.a.29513n.a.Problem drug users. In-patient treatment centres (hospitals, emergency services), Swedish Prison and Probation Service. Truncated Poisson with Chao's estimator2
United Kingdom12006-073.53.4-3.7142650139365-149154Injecting drug users. Treatment, population density, prison, drug-related deaths, drug offences, police, probation. Capture-recapture, multivariate indicator method.19
Croatia120081.10.9-1.432572696-4148Current opiate users. Treatment and mortality data. Mortality Multiplier.2
Norway420073.22.7-3.8100328599-12038Current IDUs. Overdose deaths, death rates from studies. Mortality multiplier.2


 n.a. = not available.                         

 1 - Interval is a 95 % confidence interval.                                 

 2 - Confidence Interval not known.                                 

 3 - Estonia: Original age range of study was 15–44, rates have been adjusted to 15–64.                                 

 4 - Interval is based on a sensitivity analysis.                                 

 * - Central estimate based on average between lower and upper bound of prevalence estimate.                                 

 For further details on methods and data sources/comments see Table PDU-103 and Table PDU-104.                                 

 See also ‘General notes for interpreting data’ on the Explanatory notes and help page                                 


 For bibliographic references see Table PDU-0.                                 

 2009 REITOX National Reports - Fonte PDU template                                 

(see the help page for information about formats etc.)

Page last updated: Thursday, 15 July 2010