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Figure PDU-2. Estimates of the prevalence of injecting drug use (rate per 1000 population aged 15 to 64), 2004 to 2009 — last study available


Methods of estimation are abbreviated: CR=Capture-recapture; TM =Treatment multiplier; PM = Police multiplier; MI = Multivariate indicator; TP= Truncated Poisson; CM = Combined methods;  MM= Mortality multiplier; OT= Other methods.

The symbol indicates a point estimate, a bar indicates an uncertainty interval, which can be either a 95 % confidence interval or an interval based on sensitivity analysis (see Table PDU-102 part (ii)).

Target groups may vary slightly owing to different methods and data sources; therefore comparisons should be made with caution.

In the case of Portugal the interval represents the highest and lowest bounds of all existing estimates, and the point estimate a simple average of all data points.

In case of Germany the central estimate was not available; a midpoint was calculated as a simple average of the Low and High estimate.

1 - Estonia: Original age range of study was 15–44, rates have been adjusted to 15–64. Higher bound of estimation = 37.91 per 1 000 population. Croatia = The original age range is all ages.

Related links:

Statistical bulletin 2010: Figure PDU-2

For more details see Tables PDU-1 to PDU-102 in the Statistical bulletin 2011.

See also EMCDDA project (2003): National prevalence estimates of problem drug use in the European Union, 1995–2000, CT.00.RTX.23, EMCDDA, Lisbon, coordinated by the Institut für Therapieforschung, Munich.

See also ‘General notes for interpreting data’ on the Explanatory notes and help page


Reitox national focal points

2010 REITOX National Reports - Fonte PDU template

(see the help page for information about formats etc.)

Page last updated: Tuesday, 02 August 2011