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Table PDU-1. Estimates of prevalence of problem drug use at national level: Summary Table, 2004-2009, rate per 1000 aged 15–64 [see all tables in this series...]

Part (ii) Injecting drug use

CountryNotesYearCentral rate/1000 ages 15–64Lower and Upper rates/1000 ages 15-64 [1]Estimated Number of usersLower and upper bound of prevalence estimates [1]Target group, data sources and estimation methodsReference
Czech Republic120094.84.6-4.93530034200-36400Current opioid and stimulant injectors. Low-threshold services. Treatment Multiplier.7
Denmark20063.62.8-4.71275410066-16821Intravenous drug users. Treatment registry, Drug related deaths. Capture-Recapture.7
Germany22005n.a.1.4-2.0:78000-110500Heroin users registered by the police. Mortality multiplier.18
Estonia1 ; 3200415.18.9-37.1138868132-34443Estonian Police Database. Health Insurance Fund. State HIV Reference Laboratory. Capture-recapture.1
Greece120091.41.2-1.7106588999-12713Treatment data. Capture-recapture.3
Cyprus120090.90.7-1.2481379-646Current opioid and stimulant injectors. Treatment data. Truncated Poisson.7
Luxembourg20074.63.9-6.014821253-1919Current injectors. Drug-related deaths, criminal justice system, drug treatment, infectious diseases registries and methadone programmes. Multi-methods: Treament multiplier, Police multiplier, mortality multiplier, Capture-recapture and Truncated Poisson.4
Hungary22008-090.8n.a.5699n.a.Treatment and needle/syringe programmes data. Capture-recapture.4
Netherlands20080.220.21-0.2223902336-2444Source: Guus Cruts based on proportion of injectors among POU. :
Portugal2 ; 52005n.a.1.5-3.0:10950-21900Current injectors. Treatment and mortality data. Mortality and Treatment Multiplier.5
Slovakia120064.93.5-8.91884113732-34343Treatment data. Treatment Multiplier and Nomination tecnhique.5
United Kingdom12004-073.73.6-3.9147900143298-156017Opioid & stimulant users (Includes benzodiazepine use in Scotland).Injecting drug users.Treatment, population density, prison, drug-related deaths, drug offences, police, probation. Capture-recapture, multiple indicator (MIM) 17;19;21
Croatia120091.10.8-1.431452521-4167Ever IDUs. Treatment and mortality data. Mortality Multiplier.2
Norway420083.22.8-3.9102388810-12480Heavy drug users injecting at least once during the calendar year. Overdose deaths, death rates from studies. Mortality multiplier.2


 n.a. = not available.                         

 1 - Interval is a 95 % confidence interval.                                 

 2 - Confidence Interval not known.                                 

 3 - Estonia: Original age range of study was 15–44, rates have been adjusted to 15–64.                                 

 4 - Interval is based on a sensitivity analysis.                                 

 5 - Portugal reported more than one estimate for the most recent year. The lowest confidence bound and the highest confidence bound are reported as an indication of the range of possible values. For full details see Table PDU-102  

 For further details on methods and data sources/comments see Table PDU-103 and Table PDU-104.                                 

 See also ‘General notes for interpreting data’ on the Explanatory notes and help page                                 


 For bibliographic references see Table PDU-0.                                 

 2010 REITOX National Reports - Fonte PDU template                                 

(see the help page for information about formats etc.)

Page last updated: Tuesday, 19 July 2011